Conservation status:

Protected Areas of Nepal
Categories of PA

  1. National Parks
  2. Wildlife Reserve
  3. Hunting Reserve
  4. Conservation Area
  5. Buffer Zone Areas
  6. Strict Nature Reserves

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table: Comparison of Protected areas of the world


Country

% of Area of PA

World

6145310sq km (13321)

Nepal

18.32 % (26790 sq.km)

Bhutan

25%

India

4%

China

3%

Indonesia

23%

Thailand

16.3%

UN (1997)

Click to Inlarge

Table: Details of Protected Areas of Nepal


S.N.

Name of Protected Areas

Year of Establishment

Area in km2

# of Species

# of endemic

Altitude in meter (msl)

1

National Parks

1.1

Chitwan National Park

1973

932

919

0

150-815

1.2

Bardia National Park

1976

968

839

0

152-1494

1.3

Shiva Puri National Park

2002

144

2122

16

1366-2732

1.4

 Khaptad National Park

1984                    

225

567

4

1000-3276

1.5

Makalu Barun National Park

1992                   

1500

3073

7

435-8463

1.6

Sagarmatha National Park                                 

1976                  

1148

1074

11

2800-8850

1.7

Langtang National Park

1976

1710

3689

15

792-7245

1.8

Rara National Park

1976                   

106

1070

16

1800-4048

1.9

Shey Phoksundo National Park

1984

3555

1579

30

2000-6885

2

Hunting Reserve

2.1

Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve

1987

1325

1150

36

2850-7000

3

Wildlife Reserve

3.1

Parsa Wildlife Reserve

1984

499

919

0

150-815

3.2

Royal Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve

1976

305

700

0

90-270

3.3

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

1976

175

237

1

90

4

Conservation Area

4.1

Annapurna Conservation Area

1986                     

7629

3430

56

1000-8092

4.2

Kanchenjunga Conservation Area              

1997                   

2035

>3000

11-23

1200-8598

4.3

Manaslu Conservation Area

1998                     

1663

>2500

NA

1360-8163

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table : Buffer zones of parks and reserves


Protected Area

Buffer Zone Area (km2)

No. of VDCs within Buffer Zone

Estimated Population in Buffer Zone

Royal Chitwan NP

750

37

242,000

Royal Bardia NP

328

17

69,000

Langtang NP

420

26

NA

Shey Phoksundo NP

449

8 9

185

Makalu Barun NP

830

12

32,000

Sagarmatha NP

275

3

13,000

Koshi Tappu WR*

136

13

172,000

Parsa WR*

367

17

126,000

Royal Suklaphanta WR*

153

11

74,000

Total

3,708

144

737,185

* Proposed. NA=Not Available
Source : DNPWC/MFSC (1998/99)