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Nep. Jeevanbuti Sans. Yarsa Gumba
Eng. Cordyseps
Fami. Hypocreaceae
Nep. Bisma
Sans. Bikha
Eng. Aconite
Fami. Ranunculaceae
Nep. Panchaule
Sans. Salap
Eng. Orchid
Fami. Orchidaceae
Biodiversity Status:

Glimpse of Biodiversity of Nepal

Area Coverage - 0.01% of Global Land Mass
Bio Diversity Coverage - 4%
Global Status – 25th Position
Asian Status – 10th Position

Floral/Faunal Diversity
Table : Flora and Fauna of Nepal


Plant

World

Nepal

%

Animal

World

Fauna Nep

%

Flower

<250000

5175

2.07

Mammal

4000

181

4.5

Argiosperm

220000

5856

2.7

Aves

9040

862

9.7

Lichen

20000

465

2.3

Reptile

6300

100

1.6

Algea

26000

687

2.6

Amphibian

4184

43

1.0

Fungi

69000

1822

2.4

Fish

18150

182

1.0

Broyophyta

< 14000

853

6.09

Butterfly

15000

640

2.6

Pteridophyta

<12000

383

3.19

Spider

73400

144

0.2

 

 

 

 

Insect

750000

5000

.01

Other comparison


Animals

world

Nepal

china

India

Pakistan

Indonesia

Mammal

4500

181

500

350

188

500

Bird

8600

862

1186

1200

740

1500

Fish

20000

182

2000

 

 

 

Nepal (56000 sq mile) – 862 species of bird
USA (3615211 sq mile) @650 species of bird
Endemic Species of Nepal
Table : Details of Endemic species found in Nepal


S.N.

Group

No. of Endemic
species

Reference

1

Plant

 

 

a

Lichens

39

Sharma, 1995

b

Fungi

16

Joshi & Joshi, 1991

c

Algae

3

Joshi & Joshi, 1991

d

Bryophytes

30

Joshi & Joshi, 1991

e

Pteridophytes

8

Joshi & Joshi, 1991

f

Angiosperm

246

Shrestha & Joshi, 1996

2

Animal

 

 

a

Spiders

108

Thapa, 1995

b

Butterflies & moths

30

Smith, 1997

c

Fishes

8

Shrestha, 1995

d

Amphibian & Reptiles

11

Shah, 1995

e

Birds

2

Shah, 1995

f

Mammals

1

Silwal & Verheugha, 1995

 

 


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