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“Conserve the Herbs to improve the livelihood of local People”

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Nep. Jeevanbuti Sans. Yarsa Gumba
Eng. Cordyseps
Fami. Hypocreaceae
Nep. Bisma
Sans. Bikha
Eng. Aconite
Fami. Ranunculaceae
Nep. Panchaule
Sans. Salap
Eng. Orchid
Fami. Orchidaceae
Threatened NTFPs/Herbs:

1. Nival Zone = 0

2. Alpine & Sub alpine – More than 225 economic medi – herbs

  1. Aconitum bisma – Ranuculaceae – Bikhma
  2. A. heterophylum – Atis - C
  3. Dactylorhiza hatagirea – orchidaceae –E,C,W
  4. Nardostachys grandiflora – valerianaceae – E,C,W
  5. Picrorhiza Scrophulariflora – Scrophulariacea - E,C,W
  6. Rheum Australe ( Padamchal) – Polygonaceae – E/C
  7. Yarsa gumba – Cordypsis Sinensis

 

3. Temperate Zone: More than 150 herbs

  1. Thulo Okhati – Astilbe rivularis – Saxifragaceae - E,C,W

                                      Jatamasi, Padamchal, Atis, Bisma, available

  1. Daphe Bholua – for nepali paper – ECW
  2. R. anthopogan – Sunpati – Scented oil
  3. Laghupatra – Podophyllum hexandrum, Jethimadhu (Stellaria monosperma)
  4. Valeriana Jatamansi – Sughandhwal
  5. Taxus baccata
  6. Satuwa      Paris Polyphylla
  7. Aconitum Spicatum – Bis
  8. Swertia Chirata
  9. Berginia Ciliata – Pakhanved

4. Subtropical & Tropical: More than 150 herbs

  1. Phyllanthus officinalis – Amala
  2. Xanthozylum armatum – Timur
  3. Asparagus racemosus – Kurilo
  4. Acorus Calamus – Bhojo
  5. Anisomeles indica – Charpate
  6. Boerhavia diffusa – Punnawa
  7. Rauwalfia serpentina – Sarpaganda
  8. Withimia somnifera – Aswaganda
  9. Cintelia asiatica – Ghodthapre

Orchids (orchidaceous)

Sn             Scientific name                                      location  

1.     Haberaria Plantagita                                    upto 600m (Terai, Siwalik)

2.     Coelogyne Cristata             Chadigava        1000m- 2000m

3.     C.Flavide                                 small            (Sub to Lower temp)

4.     Dendrobium densiflorum            1000m – 2500m   (Nagarkot area)

5.     Dendrobium denudans                1500m – 2500m   (Nagarkot area)

6.    Cymbidium Hookerianum                            2000m – 2500m

7.    Herminium Lancium                                     2000m – 2500m

8.    Peristyllus Fallax                                          2700m – 3700m

9.    Plantanthera Clavigera                                2000m – 4500m

10.  Satyrium Nepalensis                                      600m – 4600m

11.  Coelogyn Corymbosa                                    2200m – 2800m

12.  Cephalantheria Longiflora                           12m – 3200m – C/W

13.  Cypripedium Cordigerum                             28m – 3800m – C/W

14.  Spiranthes Sinensis                              100m – 4600m – CWE big area

15.  Dactylorhiza Hatergeria                                2800m – 4000m CWE

16.  Galearis Stracheyi                                         3600m – 4800m CWE

&

16 species - 240 Varieties

 


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